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Foreign Persons Must Report U.S. Agricultural Land Holdings
Foreign Persons Must Report U.S. Agricultural Land Holdings

Originally Appeared On : ""

February 12,2013

USDA Farm Service Agency (FSA) Executive Director Amy Hill Yaklin reminds foreign persons with an interest in agricultural lands in the United States that they are required to report their holdings and any transactions to the U.S. Secretary of Agriculture.

“Any foreign person who acquires, transfers or holds any interest, other than a security interest, including leaseholds of 10 years or more, in agricultural land in the United States is required by law to report the transaction no later than 90 days after the date of the transaction,” said Yaklin.

Foreign investors must file Agricultural Foreign Investment Disclosure Act (AFIDA) reports with the FSA county office that maintains reports for the county where the land is located.

“Failure to file a report, filing a late report or filing an inaccurate report can result in a penalty with fines up to 25 percent of the fair market value of the agricultural land,” said Yaklin.

For AFIDA purposes, agricultural land is defined as any land used for farming, ranching or timber production, if the tracts total 10 acres or more.

Disclosure reports are also required when there are changes in land use. For example, reports are required when land use changes from nonagricultural to agricultural or from agricultural to nonagricultural. Foreign investors must also file a report when there is a change in the status of ownership such as the owner changes from foreign to non-foreign, from non-foreign to foreign or from foreign to foreign.

Data gained from these disclosures is used to prepare an annual report to the president and Congress concerning the effect of such holdings upon family farms and rural communities in the United States.



Buying and selling of agricultural land can be very complex.  To help you tackle the issues surrounding agricultural land transactions, Real Estate has compiled a list of experts in the areas of agricultural economics and land values. 

University of Illinois

Department of Agricultural and Consumer Economics, Extension Specialist, Farm Management
Gary Schnitkey

Department of Agricultural and Consumer Economics, Extension Specialist, Farm Management
Dale Lattz

Iowa State University

Michael Duffy

Kansas State University

Kevin Dhuyvetter
Professor and Extension Specialist, Farm Management

Terry Kastens
Professor and Extension Specialist, Farm Management

Michigan State University

Stephen Harsh
Professor and Extension Specialist in Agricultural Economics

Eric Wittenberg
Outreach Specialist

University of Minnesota

Philip Raup
Professor Emeritus

David Bau
Agricultural Business Management, Agricultural Business Management





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